Lesson 21 – What’s your sign?

Two coworkers, Mr Wang ()and Ms Ma (), are talking about birth signs. Download

Name
Chinese English equivalent
Ní shǔ shénme? 你属什么? What’s your sign?
Wǒ shì yì jiǔ bā sì nián chūshēng de, suóyǐ wǒ shú shǔ. 我是1984年出生的,所以我属鼠。 I was born in 1984, so I am a rat.
Nǐ jīn nián èr shí wǔ suì le ma? 你今年25岁了吗? Are you 25 years old this year?
Duì 对。 Yes.
Wó yě èr shí wǔ suì lè. nà nǐ dè shēng rì shì jǐ yuè jǐ hào? 我也25岁了。 那你的生日是几月几号? I am 25 too. So, when is your birthday?
Wǒ dè shēng rì shì shí yī yuè èr shí qī hào. 我的生日是11月27号。 My birthday is 27th Nov.
À, nǐ dè shēngrì kuaì dào le. 啊,你的生日快到了。 Your birthday is coming soon.
Shìde, shì zhè gè xīng qī wǔ. 是的,是这个星期五。 Yes.It is this Friday.

Vocabulary

Pinyin Chinese English
shǔ <> Adjective. Be born in the year of (one of 12 animals)
nián year Noun
jīn nián 今年 this year Noun
chū shēng 出生 birth Noun
suì Year (of age) Noun
yuè month Noun
hào date Noun
shēng rì 生日 birthday Noun
kuaì quick Adverb
dào arrive Verb
suó 所以 so Conjunction
then Conjunction

Grammar Patterns

Jǐ yuè jǐ hào

This differs from the way English speakers would ask, but is a typical pattern to use when you are asking about the date of something.

Nǐ shǔ shénme?

This is not a grammatical sentence, it is more like a verbal shorthand. The correct sentence would be “nǐ de shǔ xiàng shì shénme?” (你的属相是什么). This is literally “your zodiac sign is what?”, but the shortened form is more often used in conversations.

Nà used as conjunction

We learned that nà (那) is a relative pronoun meaning “that”. In this dialog it is used as a conjunctions meaning something like “in that case”.

Chinese Zodiac

Order Chinese Pinyin English Personality (from wikipedia)
1984 shǔ Rat Forthright, tenacious, systematic, meticulous, charismatic
1985 niú Ox Dependable, calm, methodical, born leader, patient, hardworking, ambitious
1986 Tiger Unpredictable, rebellious, colorful, powerful, passionate, daring, impulsive
1987 Rabbit Gracious, good friend, kind, sensitive, soft-spoken, amiable, elegant, reserved
1988 lóng Dragon Magnanimous, stately, vigorous, strong, self-assured, proud, noble, direct, dignified
1989 shé Snake Deep thinker, wise, mystic, graceful, soft-spoken, sensual, creative, prudent
1990 Horse Cheerful, popular, quick-witted, changeable, earthy, perceptive, talkative, agile
1991 yáng Ram Righteous, sincere, sympathetic, mild-mannered, shy, artistic, creative, gentle
1992 hóu Monkey Inventor, motivator, improviser, quick-witted, inquisitive, flexible, innovative
1993 Rooster Acute, neat, meticulous, organized, self-assured, decisive, conservative
1994 gǒu Dog Honest, intelligent, straightforward, loyal, sense of justice and fair play, friendly
1995 zhū Pig Honest, gallant, sturdy, sociable, peace-loving, patient, loyal, hard-working

Homework

Check this link for Sentence Practice 

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Lesson 22 – Walk or ride?

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Lesson 23 – Where are you from?

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Lesson 24 – Buying a train ticket

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Lesson 25 – Negotiating the price

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Lesson 26 – Put it there

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Lesson 27 – Bubble Tea

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Lesson 28 – Yesterday

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Lesson 29 – Getting Directions

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Lesson 30 – Lost my Phone

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Sentence Practice 21

Pinyin 中文 English   Pinyin 中文 English
shǔ born as   hào number
nián year   shēng rì 生日 birthday
jīn nián 今年 this yea   kuaì soon
chū shēng 出生 born   dào arrive
suì age   suǒ yǐ 所以 therefor
yuè month   that
             
shǔ Rat   Horse
niú Ox   yáng Sheep
Tiger   hóu Monkey
Rabbit   Rooster
lóng Dragon   gǒu Dog
shé Snake   zhū Pig

specifier = shàng, zhè, xià

day = tiān, yì, èr, sān, sì, wǔ, liù

year = 1755, 1864, 1973, 1982, 1991, 2008

1 Ní shǔ shénme? Wǒ shú shǔ.
2 Ní jǐ sui? Wǒ [age] suì.
3 Nǐ shénme shihou chūshēng de? [year] nián
4 Nǐ dè shēng rì shì jǐ yuè jǐ hào? [month] yuè [day] hào.
5 Nǐ jīn nián [age] suì le ma? Bù duì. Wǒ [age – 1] suì le.
6 À, nǐ dè shēngrì kuaì dào le. Shìde, shì [specifier] gè xīngqī [day].

我喜欢啤酒所以我喝啤酒。
我七岁,所以我上小学。
我是中国人,所以我会讲中文。
我是老师,所以我教你。

Sentence Practice 22

Mandarin 中文 English   Mandarin 中文 English
diànyǐng 电影 movie   ride
yuàn public place   zǒulù 走路 to walk
dǎsuàn 打算 to plan   zìxíngchē 自行车 bike
yuǎn far   kāi drive
jìn close   chē car
jiànmiàn 见面 to meet   zuò ride
xíng okay   huǒchē 火车 train
bújiànbúsàn 不见不散 wait for me there   fēijī 飞机 plane

[activity] = Mǎi yīfu, hē píjiǔ, kàn diànyǐng,

[place] = Běijīng fàndiàn, měiguó fàndiàn, shànghǎi fàndiàn, jiǔ bā, nǐ de jiā, diànyǐngyuàn

[transport] = Zǒulù, qí mǎ, qí zìxíngchē, kāichē, zuò chē, zuò huǒchē, zuò fēijī

[time of day] = Zǎoshang, shàngwǔ, xiàwǔ, wǎnshang

# Prompt Response
1 Wǒmen qù nálǐ [activity]? Qù [place] hǎobù hǎo?
2 Ní zěnme qù ne? Wó dǎsuàn [transport] qù.
3 [place] Tài [adjective] le. Wǒmen [transport] ba?
4 [name] ne, tā zài nálǐ gēn wǒmen jiànmiàn? Zài [place] jiàn.
5 Wǒmen shénme shí hòu jiàn? [time of day] [1-12] diǎn jiàn ba.

Sentence Practice 23

Mandarin 中文 English   Mandarin 中文 English
tóngshì 同事 co-worker   from
láizì 来自 come from   ò oh
cóng from   guójiā 国家 country
Guǎngdōng 广东 Guangdong   Jiāzhōu 加州 California

[activity] = Mǎi yīfu, hē píjiǔ, kàn diànyǐng,

[place] = Běijīng fàndiàn, měiguó fàndiàn, shànghǎi fàndiàn, jiǔ bā, nǐ de jiā, diànyǐngyuàn

[method] = Zǒulù, qí mǎ, qí zìxíngchē, kāichē, zuò chē, zuò huǒchē, zuò fēijī

[time] = Zǎoshang, shàngwǔ, xiàwǔ, wǎnshàng

# Prompt Response
1 Nǐ shì zěnme lái de? Wǒ shì [method] lái de.
2 Nǐ shénme shíhou lái de? Wǒ [date/time] lái de.
3 Nǐ shì [time] lái gōngzuò de ma? Shì de. Wǒ xiànzài zài gōngzuò
4 Nǐ [method] lái de ma? Bú duì, wǒ[other method] lái de.
5 Nǐ de zhōngwén zài nálǐ xué de? Zài [place] xué de.
6 Nǐ shì cóng jīnnián xué zhōngwén ma? Búshì, wǒ shì cóng [time]
7 Nǐ zài dàxué xué de ma? Búshì, shì zài yígè yǔyán xuéxiào xué de.

Sentence Practice 24

Mandarin 中文 English   Mandarin 中文 English
huǒchē 火车 train   bùtóng 不同 difference
piào ticket   de duō 得多 to the extreme
zhōumò 周末 weekend   juéde 觉得 to think or feel
zuò ride   compared to
dòngchē 动车 bullet train   xūyào 需要 need
kuàichē 快车 express train        

[A, B] = dòngchē, kuàichē, mǎ, zìxíngchē, qìchē, fēijī

[X, Y] = Běijīng, Chéngdù, Xī’ān, Hā’ěrbīn, Měiguó, Zhōngguó

# Prompt Response
1 Nín yào shénme? Wó xiáng mǎi qù [place] de huǒchēpiào.
1 Nǐ xiáng mǎi shénme shíhòu de? Nǐ yǒu [day/time] de ma?
2 Yǒu. Nǐ yào zuò dòng chē hái shì kuàichē? [transport]
3 [A] hé [B] yǒu shénme bùtóng? [A] bǐ [B] kuài de duō.
4 [A] bǐ [B] guì. Duì a. [A] piào bǐ [B] piào duō [amount] kuài.
5 Cóng [X] dào [Y] xū yào jǐgè xiǎoshí? [1-10] gè xiǎo shí.

Sentence Practice 25

Mandarin 中文 English   Mandarin 中文 English
bāo Bag   sīchóu 丝绸 silk
yàngzi 样子 pattern/type   pǐnpái 品牌 brand name
kěshì 可是 but/however   jiǎngjià 讲价 bargain
bǐjiào 比较 comparatively   jiàgé 价格 price
zuì duō 最多 the most   zhēnde 真的 real
kuīběn 亏本 at cost   jiǎ de 假的 fake
mài sell   zhēnzhū 珍珠 pearl
gěi nǐ 给你 to you   xiàngliàn   necklace

[item] = bāo, chènshān, kùzi, shuìyī, qípáo, zhēnzhū xiàngliàn

[color] = huáng, bái, lán, hóng, lǜ, hèi

[adjective] = piàoliang, guì, piányi, dà, xiǎo

# Seller Buyer
1 Zhège [item] duō shǎo qián? [amount] kuài.
2 Nà gè ne? Nà gè, [amount] kuài.
3 Nǐ xǐhuān zhège yàngzi? xǐhuān, hěn piàoliang
Bù xǐhuān, kěshì wó bǐjiào xǐhuān nà gè.
4 Ní xǐhuan shénme yánsè de? [color] sè de
5 Duìbuqǐ, wǒmen méiyǒu [color] sè de. Hǎo de. wó mǎi le zhège, zuì duō gěi nǐ [amount/5] kuài.
6 Bù xíng, [amount * 4/5] mǎi bù mǎi? Háishì tài guì le, [amount * 2/5] kuài ba.
7 [amount/2] kuài, kuīběn mài gěi nǐ Hǎo ba, [amount/2] kuài, wó mǎi le.

Sentence Practice 26

Mandarin 中文 English   Mandarin 中文 English
shàngmian 上面 on top   zhāng classifier
xiàmian 下面 underneath   yǐzi 椅子 chair
wàimian 外面 outside   classifier
lǐmiàn 里面 inside   diànnǎo 电脑 computer
pángbiān 旁边 next to   functional partical
zuǒbiān 左边 left hand side   wèishénme 为什么 why?
yòubiān 右边 right hand side   yīnwèi 因为 because
zhuōzi 桌子 table   fàng put

[item] = shū, bǐ, chènshān, kùzi, qūnzi, píjiǔ, kāfēi, báifàn, shǒujī

[places] = bāo lǐmiàn, yǐzi xià, diànnǎo de pángbiān, shū de yòubiān

[action] = xué zhōngwén, bù xǐhuān mǎi dōngxi, qù shànghǎi, lái wǎn le

[reason] = yào qù Zhōngguó, wǒ de qián bú gòu, kàn péngyou, yào jiā bān

# Prompt Response
1 Bǎ nà [class + item] fàng zài zhuōzi shàng hǎo de
2 Wǒ de [item] zài nǎli Zài [place] ma?
3 Wèishénme nǐ [action] Yīnwèi wǒ [reason]
4 Nǐ de [item] zài zhuōzi shàng Shì ma? Wǒ méi kàn dào.
zài nà [class + item] de pángbiān Hái shì méi kàn dào.
5 Qǐng bǎ nà [class + item] géi wǒ Hǎo de
6 Wǒ de [item] zài [place] ma? Búshì. Zai [place]
7 Qǐngwèn, zài [place] shì shénme dōngxi? O, nà shì wǒ de [item]

Sentence Practice 27

Mandarin 中文 English   Mandarin 中文 English
yǐnliào 饮料 beverages   jiā add
zhēnzhū nǎichá 珍珠奶茶 pearl tea, or bubble tea   niúnǎi 牛奶 milk
kǒuwèi 口味 flavor   fàng put
xiāngcǎo 香草 vanilla   táng sugar
qiǎokèlì 巧克力 chocolate   cǎoméi 草莓 strawberry
             
xíshǒujiān 洗手间 wash room   kěnéng 可能 possible
nàbiān 那边 over there   kāi wánxiào 开玩笑 telling a joke
sháozi 勺子 spoon   xīguǎn 吸管 drinking straw
kuàizi 筷子 chopsticks   mǎidān 买单 bill
yòng use   dāozi, chāzi 刀子, 叉子 knife, fork
[drink] = píjiǔ, kāfēi, chá, shuǐ, kělè, lǜ chá, hóng chá, zhēnzhū nǎichá
[class] = bēi, píng, diǎn
[flavor] = xiāngcǎo, qiǎokèlì, cǎoméi, lǜchá
[utensil] = kuàizi, xīguǎn, sháozi, dāozi (knife), chāzi (fork)

# Prompt Response
1 Nǐmen xiǎng hē shénme yǐnliào?
Title
[class][drink] (ask 3 people)
2 (read back all the drink orders, to verify)  
3 Hái yào shénme ma? Yào. wǒ ye yào [hē kāfēi]
4 Nǐ yào niúnǎi hé táng ma? jiā niú nǎi / fàng táng
5 Fúwùyuán, qǐngwèn nǐmen de [whatever] zài nálǐ? [whatever] zài [direction], nín de [direction.
# Prompt Response
1 Nǐ yòng [utensil-1] hē [drink] ma? Bù kěnéng, wǒ yòng [utensil-2] hē [drink]
2 Nǐ kāi wánxiào ma? Haha. En, wǒ kāi wánxiào
3 Mǎidān! .. duōshǎo qián
Title
bái
Title
shí
Title
ma?
Kěnéng shì, kěshì wǒ háiméi jiàndào tā.

Sentence Practice 28

Mandarin 中文 English   Mandarin 中文 English
shìjì 世纪 (n) century   shàng (v) attend
Gōngyuán 公园 (n) park   búcuò 不错 (v) attend
hǎowán 好玩 (adj) fun   (n) class session
yǒu shíhou 有时候 (adv) sometimes   dōngxi 东西 (n)something
shūfu 舒服 (adj) comfortable   shuāng (classifier) pair
hòulái 后来 (adv) afterward   yùn dòng 运动 (n,adj) sports
bīngqílín 冰淇淋 (n) ice cream   xié (n) shoes
jiā (class) for companies   dìfang 地方 (n) place
lánqiú 篮球 (n) basketball   Shì Bó Huì 世博会 (n) Shanghai 2010 Expo
(v) play a game   yǒu yìsi 有意思 (adj) interesting
xīn (adj) new   yìnxiàng 印象 (n) impression

[activity] = qí zìxíngchē, dǎ lánqiú, dá wǎngqiú (tennis), tīng yīnyuè, mǎi dōngxi
[transport] = Zǒulù, qí mǎ, qí zìxíngchē, kāichē, zuò chē, zuò huǒchē, zuò fēijī
[place] = Shìjì Gōngyuán, Dōngfāng míngzhū tǎ, Shànghǎi,  Měiguó, Rìběn
[weather]  = xiàyǔ, yīntiān, qíngtiān, rè, lěng, xiàxuě, duōyún, guāfēng
[food] = bīngqílín, píng, diǎn

# Prompt Response
1 Nǐ zuótiān gàn shénme le? Zuótiān wǒ gēn péngyou [activity] le
2 Nǐmen [activity] nǎr le? [Zai/qu] [place] le.
3 Hǎo wán ma? Zuótiān de tiānqì zěnmeyàng? Hěn hǎowán. Tiānqì yě búcuò, [weather]. Hěn shūfu.
4 Zài [place] nǐmen chī le shénme ma? Zài [place] méi chī, kěshì hòulái wǒmen qù chī le [food].
5 [Jīntiān] zǎoshang nǐ shàngkè le ma? Méi shàngkè. [jīntiān] wǒ méiyǒu kè.
6 Nà, nǐ gàn shénme le? Wǒ qù le shāngdiàn mǎi dōngxi.
7 Mǎi le shénme dōngxi? Wǒ mǎi le yī shuāng yùn dòng xié hé yī ge lánqiú.
8 Nǐ xǐhuān dǎ lánqiú ma? Xǐhuān.

Sentence Practice 29

Mandarin Chinese English   Mandarin Chinese English
qǐng (v) treat   qiánmén 前门 (n) front door (bonus word)
yòu (adv) again/always   lùkǒu 路口 (n) intersection
gāng (adv) just now   cóng …dào 从…到 (part) from … to
jiǔdiàn 酒店 (n) hotel   chūqù 出去 (v) go out
fùjìn 附近 (n) vicinity   ránhòu 然后 (conj) then
jiā (classifier for businesses)   guǎi (v) turn
fànguǎn 饭馆 (n) restaurant   tiáo (classifier for pants, street, fish, etc)
yīzhí 一直 (adv) straight ahead   (noun) street
[drink] = píjiǔ, kāfēi, chá, shuǐ, kělè, lǜ chá, hóng chá
[class] = bēi, píng, diǎn

#

Prompt

Response
1 Mǎkè, ní yǒu kòng ma? [Wǎnshang] yǒu kòng, nǐ yǒu shénme shì?
2 Wǒ yào qǐng nǐ chīfàn. Wèishénme nǐ yòu qǐng wǒ chī fàn?
3 Yīnwèi nǐ gāng dào Zhōngguó. Zài nǐ de jiǔdiàn fùjìn yǒu yī jiā hěn búcuò de fànguǎn.
4 Ní xiǎng yīqǐ qù ma? Hǎo, zěnme zǒu?
5 Cóng jiǔdiàn qiánmén chūqù, yòu guǎi, dào dì èr ge lùkǒu, zài yòu guǎi.  
6 Ránhòu yīzhí zǒu, guò le dì èr gè lùkǒu, nǐ huì zài zuǒbiān kàn dào nàge fànguǎn.  
7 Wǒmen qī diǎn bàn zài nàge dìfang jiànmiàn, hǎo bu hǎo? Hǎo, wǎnshang qī diǎn bàn jiān.