Hóng is in Xi’an and Yuè is in Beijing. They are comparing the weather.(mp3)

PinyinChineseEnglish
Běijīng de tiānqì zěnmeyàng?北京的天气怎么样?How is the weather in Beijing?
Jīntiān Běijīng de tiānqì bù hǎo, yòu xiàyǔ yòu guāfēng今天北京的天气不好,又下雨又刮风Today Beijing’s weather is awful, raining and windy.
Xī’ān yě xiàyǔ.西安也下雨。Xian is also raining.
Nà Xī’ān hé Běijīng yíyàng ma?那西安和北京一样吗?So Xi’an and Beijing are the same?
Bù yíyàng, Xī’ān bù guāfēng.不一样,西安不刮风。Not the same, Xi’an is not windy.
Xī’ān jīngcháng xiàyǔ ma?西安经常下雨吗?Does it frequently rain in Xian?
Yǒu shíhou xiàyǔ, yǒu shíhou qíngtiān.有时候下雨,有时候晴天。Sometimes raining, sometimes sunny.
Wó bǐjiào xǐhuan Guǎngzhōu. Tāmen de tiānqì jīngcháng qíngtiān.我比较喜欢广州。他们的天气经常晴天。I prefer Guangzhou. Their weather is often sunny.
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Vocabulary

Pinyin
Chinese
English
qíngtiān
晴天
(n) sunny day
xiàyǔ
下雨
(v) rain
xiàxuě
下雪
(v) snow
duōyún
多云
(adj) cloudy
yīntiān
阴天
(adj) overcast
guāfēng
刮风
(v) blow wind
yòu X yòu Y
又..又..
grammar pattern
lěng

(adj) cold


(adj) hot
yīyàng
一样
(adv) same
yǒu shíhou
有时候
(adv) sometimes
jīngcháng
经常
(adv) frequently
bǐjiào
比较
(adv) comparatively
tiānqì
天气
(n) weather

Grammar Patterns

Asking about the weather

Just as in English, the Chinese ask about the weather using open-ended sentences like “How’s the weather”. In Chinese it is a good idea to provide an editorial assessment first, like “good” or “bad” and then follow up with additional commentary. The first lines two lines of this dialog are good examples. The subject of the question can be a location, a time, or both

  • Běijīng de tiānqì zěnmeyàng? – How is Beijing’s weather?
  • Jīntiān de tiānqì zěnmeyàng? – How is Todays’s weather?
  • Míngtiān Xī’ān de tiānqì zěnmeyàng? – How will tomorrow’s weather in Xian be?



The answer can be any expression satisfaction or dissatisfaction. Here are a few simple ones

  • Bù hǎo, xià yǔ. – Bad, it is raining.
  • Hén hǎo, qíng tiān. – Good, it is sunny

Verbs with obligatory objects

Chinese has many types of verbs. Lots of verbs come in sets. One such type is sometimes call verb-object verbs because the verb requires an object. Here are a few examples.

  • xiàyǔ (raining)
  • guāfēng (windy)
  • chīfàn (eating)

Expressing sameness

To say that two things are the same you join them with “hé” or “gěn” and follow them with “yīyáng”

(first phrase)(second phrase)yīyáng
Xī’ānBěijīngyīyáng

Expressing consistent characteristics

If you want to say that something has two characteristics that are both positive or both negative then you can use the “Yòu … yòu …” pattern.

Yòu(first phrase)Yòu(second phrase)
YòuxiàyǔYòuguāfēng

Homework

Homework should challenge the student to use the vocab and grammar from the lesson


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