Hóng is in Xi’an and Yuè is in Beijing. They are comparing the weather.(mp3)
|Běijīng de tiānqì zěnmeyàng?||北京的天气怎么样？||How is the weather in Beijing?|
|Jīntiān Běijīng de tiānqì bù hǎo, yòu xiàyǔ yòu guāfēng||今天北京的天气不好，又下雨又刮风||Today Beijing’s weather is awful, raining and windy.|
|Xī’ān yě xiàyǔ.||西安也下雨。||Xian is also raining.|
|Nà Xī’ān hé Běijīng yíyàng ma?||那西安和北京一样吗？||So Xi’an and Beijing are the same?|
|Bù yíyàng, Xī’ān bù guāfēng.||不一样，西安不刮风。||Not the same, Xi’an is not windy.|
|Xī’ān jīngcháng xiàyǔ ma?||西安经常下雨吗？||Does it frequently rain in Xian?|
|Yǒu shíhou xiàyǔ, yǒu shíhou qíngtiān.||有时候下雨，有时候晴天。||Sometimes raining, sometimes sunny.|
|Wó bǐjiào xǐhuan Guǎngzhōu. Tāmen de tiānqì jīngcháng qíngtiān.||我比较喜欢广州。他们的天气经常晴天。||I prefer Guangzhou. Their weather is often sunny.|
|qíngtiān||晴天||(n) sunny day|
|guāfēng||刮风||(v) blow wind|
|yòu X yòu Y||又..又..||grammar pattern|
|yǒu shíhou||有时候||(adv) sometimes|
Asking about the weather
Just as in English, the Chinese ask about the weather using open-ended sentences like “How’s the weather”. In Chinese it is a good idea to provide an editorial assessment first, like “good” or “bad” and then follow up with additional commentary. The first lines two lines of this dialog are good examples. The subject of the question can be a location, a time, or both
- Běijīng de tiānqì zěnmeyàng? – How is Beijing’s weather?
- Jīntiān de tiānqì zěnmeyàng? – How is Todays’s weather?
- Míngtiān Xī’ān de tiānqì zěnmeyàng? – How will tomorrow’s weather in Xian be?
The answer can be any expression satisfaction or dissatisfaction. Here are a few simple ones
- Bù hǎo, xià yǔ. – Bad, it is raining.
- Hén hǎo, qíng tiān. – Good, it is sunny
Verbs with obligatory objects
Chinese has many types of verbs. Lots of verbs come in sets. One such type is sometimes call verb-object verbs because the verb requires an object. Here are a few examples.
- xiàyǔ (raining)
- guāfēng (windy)
- chīfàn (eating)
To say that two things are the same you join them with “hé” or “gěn” and follow them with “yīyáng”
|(first phrase)||hé||(second phrase)||yīyáng|
Expressing consistent characteristics
If you want to say that something has two characteristics that are both positive or both negative then you can use the “Yòu … yòu …” pattern.
|Yòu||(first phrase)||Yòu||(second phrase)|