In this conversation a mother and her daughter are shopping for clothes (mp3)

PinyinChineseEnglish
Nǐ xiǎng mǎi shénme yīfú? Kùzi, háishì chènshān你想买什么衣服?裤子,还是衬衫What clothes do you want to buy? Pants, or shirt
Wǒ xiǎng mǎi yī jiàn chènshān我想买一件衬衫I want to buy a shirt
Nǐ xǐhuān shénme yánsè de chènshān你喜欢什么颜色的衬衫What color shirt do you like
Bái sǐ de白死的White ones.
Zhè jiàn zěnme yàng这件怎么样How about this one?
Zhè jiàn tài dàle这件太大了This on is too big
Zhè jiàn ne这件呢What about this one?
Wǒ xǐhuān zhè jiàn. Duōshǎo qián.我喜欢这件。多少钱。I like this one. How much is it.
380 kuài.三百八十 快.Three hundred and eighty.
Tài guàile太怪了Too expensive!
Shì tài guìle. Zhè jiàn ne?是太贵了。这件呢?It’s too expensive. What about this one?
Tài piàoliangle, wǒ xǐhuan, ye bu gui, wǒ mǎile太漂亮了,我喜欢!也不贵,我买了Very pretty, I like it, and its not too expensive. I’ll buy it.

Vocabulary

Pinyin
Chinese
English

bái
white
Adjective
color
Suffix, appended to color words like: báisè, hóngsè, lǜsè
yánsè 颜色 color
Noun
piàoliang 漂亮 beautiful
Adjective
yīfu 衣服 clothes
Noun used to refer to clothes in general.
jiàn
Classifier for clothes, mainly upper garments, such as shirts or sweaters.
tiáo
Classifier for pants, and many of long thin things.
chènshān 衬衫/td>

shirt/blouse
Noun
zěnme yàng 怎么样 “how about it”
Expression used to ask the opinion of others.
kùzi 裤子 pants
Noun
guì expensive
Adjective
piányi 便宜 cheap
Adjective
big
Adjective
xiǎo
small
Adjective
le
Particle, used for emphasis


Grammar patterns

When to use “de” with adjectives

Adjectives are used to qualify nouns, that is to say, they add information about the noun. In Chinese, like English, the adjective precedes the noun in word order. Adjectives are often linked to a noun using the structural partical “de”, but it is not always required. Here are a couple of examples

Adjective

Noun

Example
Translation
hěn guì de yīfu Wǒ xǐhuan hěn guì de yīfu I like very expensive clothes
guì yīfu
Wǒ xǐhuan guì yīfu I like expensive clothes



The rule is simple. If the adjective has two or more syllables then use “de” otherwise you can omit it.

Color words don’t always need “sè”

Color words are sometimes followed by the word “sè”. For example: “báisè”, “hóngsè”, “lǜsè”. Using “sè” emphasizes the color. Note, when you use “sè” the color becomes a two letter adjective and, so, it requires “de”

Color (optional) Noun English
chá green tea
hēi kāfēi black coffee
hóng sè de red pencil
bái
sè de yīfu white clothes

Note that “lǜ chá” is not actually green colored tea, and “hēi kāfēi” means coffee with nothing extra. So in these two cases, adding “sè de” would change the meaning.

Practice

Check this link for Sentence Practice 

<

(to download right click Download , select "save as")