In this conversation a mother and her daughter are shopping for clothes (mp3)

PinyinChineseEnglish
Nǐ xiáng mǎi shénme yīfu? Kùzi háishì chènshān?你想买什么衣服?裤子还是衬衫?What clothes are you looking for? Pants or shirt?
Wǒ xiáng mǎi yí jiàn chènshān.我想买一件衬衫。I would like to buy a shirt.
Nǐ xǐhuan shénme yánsè de chènshān?你喜欢什么颜色的衬衫?What color do you like?
Bái sè de.白色的。White ones.
Zhè jiàn zěnme yàng?这件怎么样?How about this one?
Zhè jiàn tài dà le.这件太大了。This one is too big.
Zhè jiàn ne?这件呢?What about this one?
Wǒ xǐhuan zhè jiàn. Duō shǎo qián.我喜欢这件,多少钱?I like this one. How much is it?
380 kuài 。380 块。380 dollars
Tài guì le!太贵了!Too expensive.
Shì tài guì le 。Zhè jiàn ne?是太贵了,这件呢?It is too expensive. What about this one?
Tài piàoliang le, wǒ xǐhuan, yě bú guì, wǒ mǎi le.太漂亮了,我喜欢,也不贵,我买了。Oh, it is too pretty, I like it and it is not too expensive. I’ll buy it!

Vocabulary

Pinyin
Chinese
English

bái
white
Adjective
color
Suffix, appended to color words like: báisè, hóngsè, lǜsè
yánsè 颜色 color
Noun
piàoliang 漂亮 beautiful
Adjective
yīfu 衣服 clothes
Noun used to refer to clothes in general.
jiàn
Classifier for clothes, mainly upper garments, such as shirts or sweaters.
tiáo
Classifier for pants, and many of long thin things.
chènshān 衬衫/td>

shirt/blouse
Noun
zěnme yàng 怎么样 “how about it”
Expression used to ask the opinion of others.
kùzi 裤子 pants
Noun
guì expensive
Adjective
piányi 便宜 cheap
Adjective
big
Adjective
xiǎo
small
Adjective
le
Particle, used for emphasis


Grammar patterns

When to use “de” with adjectives

Adjectives are used to qualify nouns, that is to say, they add information about the noun. In Chinese, like English, the adjective precedes the noun in word order. Adjectives are often linked to a noun using the structural partical “de”, but it is not always required. Here are a couple of examples

Adjective

Noun

Example
Translation
hěn guì de yīfu Wǒ xǐhuan hěn guì de yīfu I like very expensive clothes
guì yīfu
Wǒ xǐhuan guì yīfu I like expensive clothes



The rule is simple. If the adjective has two or more syllables then use “de” otherwise you can omit it.

Color words don’t always need “sè”

Color words are sometimes followed by the word “sè”. For example: “báisè”, “hóngsè”, “lǜsè”. Using “sè” emphasizes the color. Note, when you use “sè” the color becomes a two letter adjective and, so, it requires “de”

Color (optional) Noun English
chá green tea
hēi kāfēi black coffee
hóng sè de red pencil
bái
sè de yīfu white clothes

Note that “lǜ chá” is not actually green colored tea, and “hēi kāfēi” means coffee with nothing extra. So in these two cases, adding “sè de” would change the meaning.

Practice

Check this link for Sentence Practice 

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