Download
Wang Xing meets a new coworker and they discuss their places of origin.

NamePinyinChineseEnglish equivalent
Wáng Xīng, zhè shì wǒmen de tóngshì Xiáo Lǐ.王星,这是我们的同事小李。Wang Xing, this is our co-worker Li.
Níhǎo Xiáo Lǐ. Nǐ shì Shànghǎirén ma?你好小李。你是上海人吗?Greetings Li. Are you from Shanghai?
Bú shì, wǒ láizì Guǎngdōng.不是,我来自广东。No, I come from Guangdong.
Ò,Guǎngdōng lí zhèli hén yuǎn.哦,广东离这里很远。Oh, Guangdong is a long ways from here.
Duì a. Nǐ ne? Nǐ shì cóng nǎ ge guójiā lái de?对啊。你呢?你是从哪个国家来的?True. What about you? Which country are you from?
Wǒ shì Měiguórén. Cóng Jiāzhōu lái de.我是美国人。从加州来的。I am from the US. .. from California.

 

Vocabulary

PinyinHanziEnglishNotes
tóngshì同事co-workernoun
láizì来自come fromverb
cóngfrompreposition
Guǎngdōng广东GuangdongSouthern province sometimes called Canton
fromused for distance
òohInterjection
yuǎnfaradjective
jìncloseadjective
guójiā国家countrynoun
Jiāzhōu加州Californianoun

 

Grammar Patterns

Come from

In this lesson we learn two different ways to talk about coming from. The meaning is similar, but the structure is different.

The first pattern is subject – laizi – place or “Subject from place”

Subject来自Place
láizìMěiguō
JíngjingláizìShanghai
KōngzìláizìShāndōng

(Kōngzì is Confucius, Shāndōng is a province of China)


The second pattern is subject – cóng – place – lái or subject from place come.

subjectplace
Nǐ shìcóngnǎ ge guójiālái de
Wǒ shìcóngrì běnlái de

 

To and From

Cóng and dào are used to link directional verbs, like lái and qù, with locations. For example:

  • Wǒ dào xuéxiào qù. (I to school go..)
  • Tā cóng Měiguó lái. (She from the US comes..)

Other examples …

Cóng <place>dào <place>,<statement>
Cóng měiguódào zhōngguó,dàjiā dōu xǐhuān kàn shū
From the USto China,everyone likes to read books

 

Cóng <time>dào <time>,<statement>
Cóng zǎoshangdào wǎnshang,tāmen zài gōngcháng gōngzuò
From morningto night,they worked in the factory

 

<subject>Cóng <place>dào <place>,<predicate>
cóng jiādào xuéxiào,qí zìxíngchē.
Ifrom hometo school,ride my bike

 

Distance from

When talking about distance from one place to another, the word lí is very useful.

  • Guǎngdōng lí zhèli hěn yuǎn. (Gouangdong from here is quite far)
  • Guǎngdōng lí zhèli wǔbǎi gōnglǐ. (Guangdong from here is 500 km.)
  • Měiguó lí Zhōngguó tài yuǎn le. (The distance to the US from China is too far.)

Homework

Sentence Practice

Flashcards