Lesson 11 – Ordering Dinner

Ms Zhang () Is taking Mr Wang‘s () order at a local restaurant. Download

Pinyin
Chinese Sentence level translation
Ní xiǎng chī shénme? Yào bú yào chī yú? 你想吃什么? 要不要吃鱼? What would you like to eat? Do you want fish?
Wǒ bú tài xǐhuān yú. Wó xiǎng chī gūlǎoròu. 我不太喜欢鱼,我想吃咕咾肉。 I don’t like fish too much. I would like sweet and sour pork.
Hǎo de. Xiǎng bù xiǎng chī chǎofàn? 好的,想不想吃炒饭? Okay, Would you like fried rice?
Chǎofàn kéyǐ. Yǒu tāng ma? 炒饭可以,有汤吗? Fried rice is okay. Do you have soup?
Yǒu. Yǒu shūcài tāng. Nǐ yào ma? 有,有蔬菜汤,你要吗? Yes, we have vegetable soup. Do you want it?
Yào. Gòu le, xìexie! 要。够了,谢谢。 Yes, that’s enough now. Thanks.
Qíng děng yí xià. 请等一下。 Please wait a bit.

Vocabulary

Pinyin Chinese English
Download
fish Noun, fish
tài too Adverb expressing an extreme degree
xǐhuān 喜欢 like Verb, indicating a strong preference
spicy Noun, the hot kind of spicy
chǎofàn 炒饭 fried rice Noun, fried rice mixed with vegetables
tāng soup Noun, a hot watery dish
ròu meat Noun, example: jī ròu is chicken meat
gūlǎoròu 咕咾肉 sweet and sour pork Noun
shūcài 蔬菜 vegetable Noun
gòu enough Adjective, no more is needed
le   Indicates change of state

Pinyin and Pronunciation

Here are the rest of the ü-medials (the ones with the “ü” sound in the middle). Note that the dots are only used with “n” and “l” initials. This is a convenience since the ones with “n” and “l” initials are the only ones what would be ambiguous if the dots were omitted. In other words the u sound (pronounced “oo” as in moo) only occurs in syllables starting with “n” or “l”.

finals:
initials:
ü üe üan un iong tongue position
  yu yue yuan yun yong tongue_jqx_.jpg
n nüe      
l lüe      
j ju jue juan jun jiong
q qu que quan qun qiong
x xu xue xuan xun xiong

To produce the ü sound, try pronouncing “yi” (ee) and protruding your lips. The picture above shows that the tip of the tongue presses against the lower teeth. You can contrast “lu” and “lü” to see how different the tongue positions are.

Listen and circle the one you hear

lu – lü, nu – nü, ju – jue, qu – que,
quan – chuan, ye – yue, jiong – zhong, qiong – chong,
zuan – suan, ruan – run, shu – xu, xue – shui,
weng – wong, xun – shun, xuan – shuan, chuang – qiang

Listen and add the correct tone marks

fan dian, chao fan, shu cai, he tang, zhu rou
niu rou, ba kuai qian, xi huan, duo shao qian,
chi yu, tang mian, ji rou

Bonus Dialog

Download
Name
Chinese Sentence level translation
Ní xiǎng chī shénme? Wǒmen de yú hén hǎochī. 你想吃什么?我们的鱼很好吃。 What would you like to eat? Our fish is very tasty.
Wǒ bú tài xǐhuān chī yú. Kéyǐ kàn nǐde càidān ma? 我不太喜欢吃鱼,可以看你的菜单吗? I am not too fond of fish. Can I look at your menu?
Kéyǐ. Qǐng kàn yí xià càidān。 可以,请看一下菜单。 Okay. Please have a little look.
Hǎo. Wǒmen yào liǎng fèn gōngbǎo jīdīng hé liǎng wán mǐfàn. 好,我们要两份宫保鸡丁和两碗米饭。 Okay. We want two servings of Kungpow Chicken and two bowls of rice.
Hái yào shénme? 还要什么? What else do you want?
Zài lái liáng wǎn tāng. Gòu le. Xièxie 再来两碗汤。够了,谢谢。 Bring us a couple bowls of soup too. That’s enough. Thanks.
Hǎo, qíng děng yí xià. 好,请等一下。 Okay. Please wait a bit.

New Vocabulary

Download
Pinyin
English Notes
kàn look verb
càidān 菜单 menu noun
gōngbǎo jīdīng 宫保鸡丁 Kungpow Chicken noun
hái still adverb
zài lái 再来 bring verb. Literally, zài means “again” and lái is “come”, you think of it as meaning “come again with”

Grammar Patterns

Both hái (还) and zài (再) are adverbs that enhance the meaning of a verb, but may have a somewhat different meaning depending on the verb.

Usage Word for word Meaning
hái yào still want still want
hái shì still is still is (also “or” as in choice)
zài jiàn again meet see you again
zài lái again come bring

Practice

(Sentence practice sheet Sentence Practice.)
Practice these substitutions by writing them out and reciting out loud.

1 A: Nǐ [modal] chī shénme?
B: Wǒ [modal] chī [food].
modal = [yào, xiǎng, xǐhuān] food = [yú, chǎofàn, gǔlǎoròu, miàntiáo, jiǎozi]
2 A: Nǐ [modal] hē shénme?
B: Wǒ xiǎng yào [drink].
modal = [yào, xiǎng, xǐhuān] drink = [tāng, kělè, shuǐ, chá, kāfēi, píjiǔ]
3 A: Nǐ yǒu [num][class][item] ma?
B: Duì bù qǐ, wǒ méi yǒu.
num = [1, 2, 3 ..],
class = [zhī, zhāng, běn],
item = [bǐ, zhǐ, shū]
4 A: Nǐmen shì [type] ma?
B: Shì de , wǒmen shì [type].
type = [Měiguórén, xuésheng, Zhāng lǎoshī de xuésheng, péngyou]
5 A: Nǐmen [time] qù [place1] ma?
B: Bú qù, wǒmen [time] qù [place2].
time = [wǎnshang, míngtiān zǎoshang, xià wǔ] place = [shāngdiàn, bàngōngshì, Wáng xiānsheng jiā]
6 A: Jīntiān wǒmen yào qù fàndiàn chī [food], nǐ qù bú qù?
B: Wǒ bú qù, jīntiān wǒ tài [mood] le.
food = [chǎofàn, gǔ lǎo ròu, jiǎozi] mood = [lèi, máng]
7 A: Nǐ yǒu kōng ma?
B: Yǒu. Nǐ xiǎng gàn shénme?
A: Wǒ xiǎng qù fàndiàn chī [food]. Nǐ yào yíqì qù ma?
B: Hǎo, wǒmen qù ba.
food = [chǎofàn, gǔlǎoròu, jiǎozi]

Flashcards

Check this link for Sentence Practice 

Lesson 12 – Getting Change

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Lesson 13 – Shopping for Clothes

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Lesson 14 – Comparing Weather

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Lesson 15 – What do you know?

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Lesson 16 – Shanghai

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Lesson 17 – Family pictures

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Lesson 18 – How long?

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Lesson 19 – Ordering a Big Meal

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Lesson 20 – Work and School

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Sentence Practice 11

Pinyin 中文 English   Pinyin 中文 English
tài too   fish
xǐhuān 喜欢 like   chǎofàn 炒饭 fried rice
gòu enough   tāng soup
le (particle)   gǔlǎoròu 古老肉 sweet and sour pork
kàn look   shūcài 蔬菜 vegetable
càidān 菜单 menu   pán plate
mǐfàn 米饭 cooked rice   gōngbào jīding 宫保鸡丁 Kungpow Chicken
hái still/yet   zài lái 再来 bring
[food] = yú, chǎofàn, tāng, jīròu, gǔlǎoròu, shūcài, gōngbào jīding

[food] = miàntiáo, báifàn, jiǎozi, qīngcài

[portion] = wǎn, fèn, pán, bēi, píng

Title
= number

 

# Prompt Response
1 Nǐ chī shénme? Wǒ chī [food]
2 Nǐmen de [food] hǎochī ma? Wǒmen de [food] hěn hǎochī.
bù hǎochī.
3 Ní xiǎng chī shénme? Wó xiǎng chī [food]
4 Qǐng wèn, nǐ yào chī shénme? Wǒ yào yì [portion] [food]
5 Nǐ xiǎng hē shénme? Yì bēi [drink]
6 Yì [portion] [food] hé yì bēi [drink], gòu le ma? Gòu le.
7 Nǐ [máng/lèi] ma? Wǒ tài [máng/lèi] le
8 Nǐ xiǎng kàn yí xià càidàn ma? Xiǎng, qǐng gěi wǒ kànkan。

Sentence Practice 12

Pinyin 中文 English   Pinyin 中文 English
mǎi buy   fēn penny
zhǎo nín 找您 return change   kuài dollar
qián money   máo dime
zhāng 铅笔 classifier   piào ticket
duōshao 多少 how many   bǎi hundred
yí gòng 一共 all together   líng zero

 Props: pens, books, and RMB (if available)

# Prompt Response
1 Nà zhī bǐ duōshao qián? [2, 10, 12, 35]  kuài
2 Zhè běn shū duōshao qián?  [100, 104, 270, 654] kuài
3 Wǒ xiáng mǎi nà [2,3,4,5] běn shū

Hǎo de, yì běn [10,20,30,40] kuài.
Yí gòng [num*price] kuài qián.

4 Wǒ xiáng mǎi zhè [7,8,9,10] zhī bǐ Hǎo de, yì zhī  [10,20,30,40] kuài.
Yí gòng [num*price] kuài qián.
5 Ní xiǎng hé shenme? [n = 2, …, 9] píng chá
Yì píng 10 kuai, yí gòng [n*10] kuài Géi nǐ [?] bǎi kuài.
Zhǎo nín [?] kuài qián. Hǎo de, zài jiàn.
6 Zhè píng píjiǔ duōshao qián? [2, 5, 11, 27] kuài [5,6,7,8] máo
7 Nà zhāng piào duōshao qián? 10.60, 12.10, 65.70, 23.50, 1.80
8 Nà běn zhōngwén shū duōshao qián? [1-9]
9 Zhè běn yīngwén shū duōshao qián? [1-9] kuài [1-9]
10 Nǐ xiáng mǎi shenme?  Wǒ yào bǐ
Nǐ mái jǐ zhī? [2,5,11,44] zhī bǐ.

Sentence Practice 13

Pinyin 中文 English   Pinyin 中文 English
qúnzi 裙子 skirt   chènshān 衬衫 shirt/blouse
bái white   zěnme yàng 怎么样 “how about it”
yánsè 颜色 color   kùzi 裤子 pants
lán blue   guì expensive
yīfu 衣服 clothes   piányi 便宜 cheap
jiàn (classifier)   big
tiáo (classifier)   xiǎo small
piàoliang 漂亮 beautiful   shìshì 试试 give it a try
hǎokàn 好看 nice looking   nánkàn 难看 bad looking
[color] = bái, lán, hóng, lǜ, hēi, huáng
[adjective] = piàoliang, guì, piányi, dà, xiǎo, nán kàn
[item] = chènshān, kùzi, qúnzi      [class] = jiàn, tiáo 

# Prompt Response
1 Nǐ xiáng mǎi shénme yīfu? Wǒ xiáng mǎi [yí] [jiàn chènshān]
2 Ní xǐhuan shénme yánsè de [kùzi]? [color] sè de.
3 Zhè [class] zěnme yàng? Zhè [class] tài [adjective] le.
4 Zhè [jiàn] duōshǎ qián. [1-9] bǎi [1-9] shí [1-9] kuài
5 Ní xǐhuan zhè [class] ma? Xǐhuan. Nà [class] duōshao qián?
Yì [class] [X] kuài qián. Nǐ yào ma? Yào, wó mǎi le.
6 Huāngyíng huānyíng, nǐ yào shénme? Wǒ yào [item].
Zhè [class] zěnme yàng? Nà [class] hǎokàn. Ní yǒu [color] sè de ma?
Yǒu. Zhè [class] ne? Nà [class] tài [dà]. Ní yǒu [xiǎo] yì diǎn de ma?
Yǒu. Géi nǐ. Nǐ shìshì ba. Hǎo de.
  Yì [class] [X] kuài qián, liǎng [class] [X * 1.5]. ní xiǎng mái jǐ jiàn?. Yì [class] gòu le.

Sentence Practice 14

Pinyin 中文 English   Pinyin 中文 English
qíngtiān 晴天 (n) sunny day   lěng (adj) cold
xiàyǔ 下雨 (v) rain   (adj) hot
xiàxuě 下雪 (v) snow   yīyàng 一样 (adv) same
duōyún 多云 (adj) cloudy   yǒu shíhou 有时候 (adv) sometimes
yīntiān 阴天 (adj) overcast   jīngcháng 经常 (adv) frequently
guāfēng 刮风 (v) blow wind   bǐjiào 比较 (adv) comparatively
yòu.. yòu.. 又..又.. grammar pattern   tiānqì 天气 (n) weather
fēicháng 非常 (adj) extreemly   [X] 死了 sǐ le  (exp) X to death

places = Bōtèlán, Xīyǎtú, Wēngēhuá, Jiùjīnshān, Luòshānjī

weather = xiàyǔ, yīntiān, qíngtiān, rè, lěng, xiàxuě, duōyún, guāfēng
time = míngtiān, zuótiān, zǎoshang, wǎnshàng, xīngqí yī

# Prompt Response
1 Nǐ jīngcháng qù [place] ma? Wǒ (bù) jīngcháng qù
2 [place] tiānqì zěnme yàng? [place] de tiānqì jīngcháng [weather]
3 [time] tiānqì zěnme yàng? [time] de tiānqì [weather]
4 [place] de tiānqì [weather1] ma? Bù [weather1], jīngcháng [weather2]
5 [place1] hé [place2] de tiānqì yīyàng ma? . Bù yīyàng, [place1] méiyǒu [place2] [weather]
6 [place] jīngcháng [weather1] ma? Yǒu shí hòu [weather1], yǒu shí hòu [weather2]
7 Nǐ xǐhuān [place1] ma? Wǒ bǐjiào xǐhuān [place2], tāmen de tiānqì hěn hǎo.
昨天不冷吗? 上海冬天冷吗? 北京春天经常下雨吗? 今天早上下雨,现在晴天了。 昨天冷不冷? 昨天不冷? 昨天是不是很冷? 上海冬天冷吗?上海的天气怎么样? 北京春天常下雨么? 春天北京常下雨么? 今天早上下雨,现在晴天了。

Sentence Practice 15

Pinyin 中文 English   Pinyin 中文 English
míng bai 明白 understand   o oh
dì yī 第一 first   shǒujī 手机 mobile phone
dì yì shēng 第一声 first tone   shuō say, speak
kàn look   zěnme 怎么 how
le change of state   wèntí 问题 question
        zhīdào 知道 to know
[thing] = yǎnjīng, bèibāo, jiàoshì, diànhuà, diànnǎo

[word] = Shū, bǐ, shuǐ, chá, jiǔ

# Prompt Response
1 Zhè shì shénme? Wǒ bù zhīdào. Nǐ shuō.
Zhè shì wǒ de [shǒujī].  O, zhīdào le.
2 Nǐ míngbai “shǒujī” ma? Bù míngbai. 
3 yīngwén zěnme shuō? Yīngwén shuō “hand phone”.
A, míngbai le.  
4 [word] shì dì jǐ shēng? [word] shì dì [N] shēng.
5 “XY” de “X” shì dì [N] shēng ma? Duì.
6 “XY” de “Y” shì dì [N] shēng ma? Bú duì. “XY” de “Y” shì dì [M] shēng.
7 Qǐng géi wǒ kànkàn. Hǎo.
8 Bú cuò. Ní xǐhuan ma? Xǐhuan.
9 Wó xiǎng wèn nǐ ge wèntí. Shénme wèntí?

明白

“我是[老师]” 你明白吗? [学生,好人,美国人,记者,工程师,张小姐] 明白/不明白

第一

这个课是第几课?第十五课。
这是你第一次来这里吗?不是。
第一天我们学习中文,第二天呢?
第三个字是什么字?
第四个人是谁?

可以小点儿声吗?
他的声音很好听。

你喜欢看书吗? 看什么书?

看看

听听,问问,吃吃。

昨天晴天,今天下雨了。

手机

你的手机号码是什么?

我听说你是老师。

怎么

你怎么吃米饭?我用筷子。
你怎么喝啤酒?我用杯子。
这个中文怎么说?

问题

你有问题吗?
我问你个问题。
没有问题。

知道

你是老师。我知道。
你知道我的笔在哪里吗? 不知道。
我的笔在哪里? 还不知道。

Sentence Practice 16

Pinyin 中文 English   Pinyin 中文 English
guò (experienced)   huǒguō 火锅 hot pot
le (completed action)   kěshì 可是 but
méi not   málàtàng 麻辣烫 a kind of soup
jīnnián 今年 this year   dōngfāng míngzhūtǎ 东方明珠塔 Pearl Tower
qùnián 去年 last year   dōngxi 东西 something
yuèfèn 月份 month   sīchóu 丝绸 silk
 cài  菜  dish/type of food   shuìyī 睡衣 pajamas

food = huǒguō, mālàtàng, [place] cài, chǎofàn, gǔlǎoròu, shūcài, gōngbào jīding

time = zuótiān,  jīnnián, qùnián, [1-12] yuèfèn

item = dōngxi, sīchóu, shuìyī, yīfu, chènshān, kùzi

activity = mǎi dōngxi, gōng zuò, xué zhongwen, kàn [place]

sight = , Yùyuán, Pǔdōng, Wàitān

# Prompt Response
1 Nǐ [zuótiān] qù le [Bōtèlán] ma? Wǒ [zuótiān] méi qù.
Nǐ qù guò [Shànghǎi] ma?  Méi qù guò.
Qù guò. Wo [time] qù guò.
3 Nǐ zài Shànghǎi chī le shénme? Wǒ chī le [food]. Nǐ chī guò le ma?
4 Nǐ chī le [food1] ma? Wǒ méi chī guò [food1], kěshì wǒ chī le [food2].
Nǐ kàn le [dōngfāngmíngzhū tǎ] ma?  Wǒ méi kàn, wǒ tài máng le.
Kàn le.
6 Ní mǎi le shénme? Wó mǎi le [item].
7 Nǐ [jīntián] mǎi le [item] ma? Èn, mǎi le [color] de.

Sentence Practice 17

Pinyin 中文 English   Pinyin 中文 English
gāoxìng 高兴 adj. happy   dāngrán 当然 exp. of course
jiàndào 见到 to meet   suì age in years
woman/girl   tīngshuō 听说 exp. heard said
háizi 孩子 child   kě ài 可爱 adj. cute/lovely
tàitai 太太 wife   occurrence/instance
nǚér 女儿 daughter   màn adv. slow
érzi 儿子 son   zhàopiàn 照片 photograph

feeling = gāoxìng,

meeting = jiàndào, rénshì

relation = [nǚ/nán/hǎo] péngyou, háizi, tàitai, nǚér, érzi

what= píjiǔ, wǒ, kǎoyā, zhōngguó

# Prompt Response
1 Wó hěn gāoxìng jiàndào nǐ. Wó yé hěn gāoxìng.
2 Zhè shì wǒ [relation], [name] [Name], jiàndào ní hěn gāoxìng.
3 Wǒ tīngshuō nín yǒu
Title
ge háizi.
Yǒu a. Wó yǒu
Title
ge nǚér. [méiyǒu] érzi.
4 Ní xiǎng kàn tāmen de zhàopiàn ma? Dāngrán xiǎng. A, tāmen tài kěài le.
5 Tāmen jǐ suì? Xiǎo nǚér [N] suì, dà nǚér [N+] suì.
6 Nín yǒu tàitai de zhàopiàn ma? Yǒu. Nǐ kàn
7 Zhè shì shénme dōngxi? [answer]
  Duìbuqǐ. qǐng zàishuō yì cì. [answer (faster)]
  Kéyǐ shuō màn yìdiǎn ma?. Kéyǐ. [answer (slower)]
8 Wǒ tīngshuō ní xǐhuān [what] Dāngrán xǐhuān.
9 Zhè shì nǐ dì-yī cì lái Zhōngguó ma? Bú shì, zhè shì wǒ dì-[N] cì.

Sentence Practice 18

Pinyin 中文 English   Pinyin 中文 English
cháng long   năli năli 哪里哪里 (expression)
duăn short   de (particle)
duō cháng 多长 how long   shì .. de 是 .. 的 (pattern)
shí jiān 时间 duration   jiāo teach
zhème 这么 such, so   hái still
zhēn really   nín màn zŏu 您慢走 (expression)
jiǔ length of time   duō jiǔ 多久 how long
[place] = xuéxiào, bàngōngshì, shāngdiàn, fàndiàn, zhèlǐ, měiguó
[period] = xiǎoshi, tiān, yuè, nián
[action] = jiāo, mǎi, chī, hē, chàng, shuō
[language] = zhōngwén, yīngwén, fǎwén
[stuff] = zhǐ, shū, kǔzi, chènshan, píjiǔ, shuǐ, kāfēi

# Prompt Response
1 Nǐ de zhōngwén shuō de zhēn hǎo. Nálǐ nálǐ.
2 Nǐ lái [place] duōjiǔ le? Liǎng gè [period] le.
3 Nǐ xué zhōngwén duōjiǔ le? Yì [period] duō le。
4 Nǐ shì zài nálǐ xué de [language]. Wǒ shì zài [place] xué de。
5 Tāmen [action] de hǎo ma? [action] de hěn hǎo.
6 Nín hái yào shénme ? Wǒ hái yào [stuff]
7 Nín màn zǒu. Zài jiàn.

use 这么,还,短,真, verb 得好,得慢,得快

Sentence Practice 19

Pinyin 中文 English Pinyin 中文 English
ràng let cài dān 菜单 menu
xiān first yú xiāng ròu sī 鱼香肉丝 shredded pork
wèi (classifier) xī lán huā 西兰花 broccolli
biān side jié zhàng 结账 checkout
bàn half bù hăo yì si 不好意思 How embarassing
zhī (classifier) méi wèn tí 没问题 No problem
hái yet, more huān yíng guāng lín 欢迎光临 Welcome
[container] = bēi, píng, guān
[drink] = píjiŭ, shuĭ, kĕlè, chá
[portion] = pán, bàn zhī, wăn
[food] = gŭlăoròu, chăo xīlánhuā, chăo qīngcài, bĕijīng kăoyā, báifàn, miàntiáo, jiăozi

1 Nĭmen jǐ wèi? [N] wèi.
Zhè biān qĭng Hăo de.
2 Nĭmen hē diănr shénme? Lái [N] [container] [drink]
3 Nĭmen hē diănr shénme? Lái [N + container + drink] * 3
<repeat the list> Dui
4 Zhèlĭ yŏu yīngwén càidān ma? Méiyou, gĕi nĭ Zhōngwén càidān
5 Nĭmen chī diănr shénme? Lái [N] [portion] [food]
6 Nĭmen chī diănr shénme? Lái [N + portion + food] * 3
<repeat the list> Dui
Hái yào shénme ma? Bù yào le, xièxie.
7 Măi dān! Hăo, dĕng yí xìa
8 Zài jiàn Huānyíng nĭ zài lái

Sentence Practice 20

Mandarin 中文 English   Mandarin 中文 English
zuò to do   dàxué 大学 university
gōngzuò 工作 job   lìshǐ 历史 history
gōngsī 公司 company   zhǎo seek
jīnglǐ 经理 high level manager   zhèngzài 正在 currently
zhǔguǎn 主管 first level manager   liánxiǎng 联想 Lenovo
gōngchéngshī 工程师 engineer   diànnǎo 电脑 computer
[activity] = Mǎi yīfú, xué zhōngwén, chī jiǎozi, hē píjiǔ, tīng yīnyuè
[job] = Lǎoshī, jīnglǐ, yuángōng, mìshū, fúwùyuán, sījī, gōngchéngshī, zhǔguǎn
[place] = Běijīng dàxué, shànghǎi shāngdiàn, měiguó fàndiàn, liánxiǎng
[field] = Shùxué, lìshǐ, kēxué, zhōngwén, yīngwén
[relation] = baba,mama … (etc)

# Prompt Response
1 Nǐ xǐhuan zuò shénme? Wǒ xǐhuan [activity].
2 Nǐ zuò shénme gōngzuò? Wǒ shì [job].
3 Nǐ zài nǎ yīgè gōngsī gōngzuò? Wǒ zài [place] gōngzuò.
4 Tīng shuō nǐ [relation] yě zài [place] gōngzuò? Duì a. Tā shì [role].
5 Nǐ shì jīnglǐ ma? Bùshì, wǒ shì [job]
6 Nǐ xué shénme zhuānyè? Wǒ xué [field] zhuānyè.
7 Nǐ zhǎo shénme gōngzuò? Wǒ xiǎng zuò [field].