Two coworkers, Mr Wang ()and Ms Ma (), are talking about birth signs. Download

Name
Chinese English equivalent
Ní shǔ shénme? 你属什么? What’s your sign?
Wǒ shì yì jiǔ bā sì nián chūshēng de, suóyǐ wǒ shú shǔ. 我是1984年出生的,所以我属鼠。 I was born in 1984, so I am a rat.
Nǐ jīn nián èr shí wǔ suì le ma? 你今年25岁了吗? Are you 25 years old this year?
Duì 对。 Yes.
Wó yě èr shí wǔ suì lè. nà nǐ dè shēng rì shì jǐ yuè jǐ hào? 我也25岁了。 那你的生日是几月几号? I am 25 too. So, when is your birthday?
Wǒ dè shēng rì shì shí yī yuè èr shí qī hào. 我的生日是11月27号。 My birthday is 27th Nov.
À, nǐ dè shēngrì kuaì dào le. 啊,你的生日快到了。 Your birthday is coming soon.
Shìde, shì zhè gè xīng qī wǔ. 是的,是这个星期五。 Yes.It is this Friday.

Vocabulary

Pinyin Chinese English
shǔ <> Adjective. Be born in the year of (one of 12 animals)
nián year Noun
jīn nián 今年 this year Noun
chū shēng 出生 birth Noun
suì Year (of age) Noun
yuè month Noun
hào date Noun
shēng rì 生日 birthday Noun
kuaì quick Adverb
dào arrive Verb
suó 所以 so Conjunction
then Conjunction

Grammar Patterns

Jǐ yuè jǐ hào

This differs from the way English speakers would ask, but is a typical pattern to use when you are asking about the date of something.

Nǐ shǔ shénme?

This is not a grammatical sentence, it is more like a verbal shorthand. The correct sentence would be “nǐ de shǔ xiàng shì shénme?” (你的属相是什么). This is literally “your zodiac sign is what?”, but the shortened form is more often used in conversations.

Nà used as conjunction

We learned that nà (那) is a relative pronoun meaning “that”. In this dialog it is used as a conjunctions meaning something like “in that case”.

Chinese Zodiac

Order Chinese Pinyin English Personality (from wikipedia)
1984 shǔ Rat Forthright, tenacious, systematic, meticulous, charismatic
1985 niú Ox Dependable, calm, methodical, born leader, patient, hardworking, ambitious
1986 Tiger Unpredictable, rebellious, colorful, powerful, passionate, daring, impulsive
1987 Rabbit Gracious, good friend, kind, sensitive, soft-spoken, amiable, elegant, reserved
1988 lóng Dragon Magnanimous, stately, vigorous, strong, self-assured, proud, noble, direct, dignified
1989 shé Snake Deep thinker, wise, mystic, graceful, soft-spoken, sensual, creative, prudent
1990 Horse Cheerful, popular, quick-witted, changeable, earthy, perceptive, talkative, agile
1991 yáng Ram Righteous, sincere, sympathetic, mild-mannered, shy, artistic, creative, gentle
1992 hóu Monkey Inventor, motivator, improviser, quick-witted, inquisitive, flexible, innovative
1993 Rooster Acute, neat, meticulous, organized, self-assured, decisive, conservative
1994 gǒu Dog Honest, intelligent, straightforward, loyal, sense of justice and fair play, friendly
1995 zhū Pig Honest, gallant, sturdy, sociable, peace-loving, patient, loyal, hard-working

Homework

Check this link for Sentence Practice 

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